Nā ʻāpana panel photovoltaic

ʻO nā ʻāpana panel photovoltaic kahi mea hana mana e hoʻopuka i ka manawa pololei i ka wā e ʻike ʻia ai ka lā, a aia nā ʻāpana photovoltaic paʻa paʻa lahilahi kokoke i hana ʻia me nā mea semiconductor e like me ke silika.

No ka mea ʻaʻohe ʻāpana neʻe, hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia no ka manawa lōʻihi me ka ʻole o ka ʻaʻahu.Hiki i nā pūnaewele photovoltaic maʻalahi ke hoʻoikaika i nā wati a me nā kamepiula, ʻoiai nā ʻōnaehana photovoltaic paʻakikī e hiki ke hāʻawi i nā kukui no nā hale a me nā pahu mana.Hiki ke hana ʻia nā hui pūʻulu Photovoltaic i nā ʻano like ʻole, a hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia nā hui e hoʻonui i ka uila.Hoʻohana ʻia nā ʻāpana panel photovoltaic ma luna o nā hale a me nā papa hale, a hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o nā puka makani, nā kukui a me nā mea pale.ʻO kēia mau mea hoʻokomo photovoltaic i kapa pinepine ʻia he ʻōnaehana photovoltaic pili hale.

Nā pūnana lā:

Monocrystalline silicon solar cell

ʻO ka hoʻololi photoelectric pono o ka monocrystalline silicon solar cell ma kahi o 15%, a ʻo ka mea kiʻekiʻe loa he 24%, ʻo ia ka kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe o ka photoelectric hoʻololi ʻana i nā ʻano o nā ʻano solar i kēia manawa, akā ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ke kumukūʻai hana ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻohana nui ʻia. a hoʻohana nui ʻia.Hoʻohana maʻamau.No ka mea ua hoʻopili ʻia ka silika monocrystalline e ke aniani aniani a me ka resin wai, ikaika a paʻa hoʻi, a ʻo kona ola lawelawe maʻamau a hiki i 15 mau makahiki, a hiki i 25 mau makahiki.

Polycrystalline silicon solar cell

ʻO ke kaʻina hana o ka polycrystalline silicon solar cell like me ka monocrystalline silicon solar cell, akā ʻoi aku ka haʻahaʻa o ka hoʻololi photoelectric o nā cell solar polycrystalline silicon.ka polycrystalline silicon solar cell kiʻekiʻe loa o ka honua).Ma ke ʻano o ke kumukūʻai hana, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi ma mua o ka monocrystalline silicon solar cell, maʻalahi ka mea hana, mālama ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka mana, a ʻoi aku ka haʻahaʻa o ke kumukūʻai hana, no laila ua hoʻomohala nui ʻia.Eia kekahi, ʻoi aku ka pōkole o ke ola lawelawe o ka polycrystalline silicon solar cell ma mua o ka monocrystalline silicon solar cell.Ma ke ʻano o ka hana kumukūʻai, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o nā cell solar silicon monocrystalline.

Amorphous silikon solar cell

Amorphous silicon solar cell is a new type of thin-film solar cell i puka mai i ka makahiki 1976. He ʻokoʻa loa ia mai ke ʻano hana o ka monocrystalline silicon a me polycrystalline silicon solar cell.ʻO ke kaʻina hana he mea maʻalahi loa, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā mea silika, a ʻoi aku ka haʻahaʻa o ka mana.ʻO ka pōmaikaʻi, hiki iā ia ke hoʻoulu i ka uila ma nā kūlana māmā.Eia nō naʻe, ʻo ka pilikia nui o ka amorphous silicon solar cell ʻo ia ka haʻahaʻa o ka hoʻololi ʻana o ka photoelectric, ʻo ka pae kiʻekiʻe o ka honua ma kahi o 10%, a ʻaʻole paʻa.Me ka hoʻolōʻihi ʻia o ka manawa, e emi ana kona pono hoʻololi.

ʻO nā pūnaewele lā nui-huihui

ʻO nā pūnaewele lā i hui pū ʻia e pili ana i nā pūnaewele lā i hana ʻole ʻia me nā mea semiconductor ʻeleʻele hoʻokahi.Nui nā ʻano noiʻi ma nā ʻāina like ʻole, ʻaʻole i hana ʻia ka hapa nui o ia mau mea, ʻo ia hoʻi: a) cadmium sulfide solar cell b) gallium arsenide solar cell c) copper indium selenide solar cell (he multi-bandgap gradient Cu (Ma, Ga) Se2 kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻoniʻoni solar cell)

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Nā hiʻohiʻona:

Loaʻa iā ia ka pono hoʻololi photoelectric kiʻekiʻe a me ka hilinaʻi kiʻekiʻe;ʻO ka ʻenehana diffusion kiʻekiʻe e hōʻoia i ka kūlike o ka hoʻololi ʻana i loko o ka chip;hōʻoia i ka conductivity uila maikaʻi, adhesion hilinaʻi a me ka solderability electrode maikaʻi;ʻO nā kiʻi i paʻi ʻia a me ka palahalaha kiʻekiʻe e maʻalahi ka pākaukau i ka weld a me ka ʻoki laser.

kōnaehana lā

1. Laminate

2. Mālama ka alumini alumini i ka laminate a hoʻokani i kekahi hana i ka sila a me ke kākoʻo

3. Junction box Mālama ʻo ia i ka ʻōnaehana hana mana holoʻokoʻa a hana ma ke ʻano he kikowaena hoʻoili i kēia manawa.Inā pōkole ka ʻāpana, e hoʻopau ʻokoʻa ka pahu hui i ke kaula pōkole pōkole e pale i ka ʻōnaehana holoʻokoʻa i ke ahi.ʻO ka mea koʻikoʻi i ka pahu hui ʻo ke koho ʻana i nā diodes.Ma muli o ke ʻano o nā cell i loko o ka module, ʻokoʻa nā diodes pili.

4. Silicone sealing function, hoʻohana ʻia e sila i ka hui ma waena o ka ʻāpana a me ka pahu alumini alumini, ka ʻāpana a me ka pahu hui.Hoʻohana kekahi mau hui i ka lipine adhesive ʻaoʻao ʻelua a me ka huʻa e pani ai i ka gel silica.Hoʻohana nui ʻia ka silicone ma Kina.He maʻalahi ke kaʻina hana, maʻalahi, maʻalahi e hana, a me ke kumu kūʻai.haahaa loa.

hale laminate

1. ʻO ke aniani aniani: ʻo kāna hana ka pale ʻana i ke kino nui o ka hana mana (e like me ka pākaukau), pono ke koho ʻana i ka hoʻouna ʻana i ka māmā, a pono ke kiʻekiʻe o ka hoʻouna ʻana o ka māmā (maʻamau ma mua o 91%);lapaʻau ʻāwīwī keʻokeʻo.

2. EVA: Hoʻohana ʻia ia e hoʻopaʻa a hoʻoponopono i ke aniani ʻoluʻolu a me ke kino nui o ka hana mana (e like me nā pihi).Hoʻopili pololei ka maikaʻi o ka mea transparent EVA i ke ola o ka module.ʻO ka EVA i hōʻike ʻia i ka lewa he maʻalahi ka makahiki a huli melemele, no laila e hoʻopili ai i ka lawe māmā ʻana o ka module.Ma kahi o ka maikaʻi o EVA ponoʻī, ʻo ke kaʻina hana lamination o nā mea hana module he mea koʻikoʻi loa ia.No ka laʻana, ʻaʻole lawa ka viscosity o EVA adhesive, a ʻaʻole lawa ka ikaika hoʻopaʻa ʻana o EVA i ke aniani aniani a me ka backplane, kahi e hoʻomaka ai ʻo EVA.Hoʻopilikia ka ʻelemakule i ke ola o nā mea.

3. ʻO ke kino nui o ka hana mana: ʻO ka hana nui ka hana ʻana i ka uila.ʻO ke kumu nui o ka mākeke hana mana nui he crystalline silicon solar cell a me nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻoniʻoni ʻoniʻoni.Loaʻa iā lāua nā pono a me nā hemahema.He kiʻekiʻe ke kumukūʻai o ka chip, akā ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka hoʻololi photoelectric.ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi no nā kiʻiʻoniʻoni ʻoniʻoni ʻoniʻoni e hana i ka uila i ka lā o waho.He kiʻekiʻe ke kumukūʻai o nā lako pili, akā ʻoi aku ka haʻahaʻa o ka hoʻohana ʻana a me ke kumukūʻai pākaukau, akā ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoʻololi photoelectric ma mua o ka hapalua o ke kelepona silicon crystalline.Akā ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hopena māmā haʻahaʻa, a hiki iā ia ke hoʻoulu i ka uila ma lalo o ke kukui maʻamau.

4. ʻO nā mea o ka backplane, sealing, insulating a me ka wai (ʻo TPT, TPE, a me nā mea'ē aʻe) pono ke kū'ē i kaʻelemakule.ʻO ka hapa nui o nā mea hana mea hana he 25 mau makahiki.Maikaʻi nā aniani ʻeleʻele a me nā alumini alumini.Aia ke kī ma ke kua.Hiki paha i ka papa a me ka silica gel ke hoʻokō i nā koi.Hoʻoponopono i nā koi kumu o kēia paukū 1. Hiki iā ia ke hāʻawi i ka ikaika mechanical lawa, i hiki ai i ka module solar cell ke pale i ke koʻikoʻi i hana ʻia e ka hopena, vibration, etc. ;2. Loaʻa iā ia ka maikaʻi 3. Loaʻa iā ia ka maikaʻi o ka hana insulation uila;4. Loaʻa iā ia ka mana anti-ultraviolet ikaika;5. Hoʻolālāʻia ka volta hana a me ka mana puka e like me nā koi likeʻole.Hāʻawi i nā ʻano hana uwea like ʻole e hoʻokō i nā koi ʻokoʻa o ka volta, o kēia manawa a me ka mana mana;

5. He liʻiliʻi ka poho o ka pono ma muli o ka hui pū ʻana o nā pūnaewele lā i ka moʻo a me ka like;

6. ʻO ka pilina o nā pūnaewele solar ka hilinaʻi;

7. ʻO ke ola hana lōʻihi, e koi ana i nā modules solar cell e hoʻohana ʻia no nā makahiki he 20 ma lalo o nā kūlana kūlohelohe;

8. Ma lalo o nā kūlana i'ōleloʻia ma luna nei, pono e emi ke kumukūʻai o ka hōʻailona e like me ka hiki.

Ka helu mana:

ʻO ka ʻōnaehana hana mana AC solar i haku ʻia me nā panela lā, nā mea hoʻoponopono hoʻopiʻi, nā mea hoʻohuli a me nā pihi;ʻaʻole hoʻokomo ka ʻōnaehana mana DC solar i ka inverter.I mea e hiki ai i ka ʻōnaehana mana o ka lā ke hāʻawi i ka mana kūpono no ka ukana, pono e koho pono i kēlā me kēia ʻāpana e like me ka mana o ka mea uila.E lawe i ka mana puka 100W a hoʻohana iā ia no 6 mau hola i ka lā ma ke ʻano he laʻana e hoʻolauna i ke ʻano helu helu:

1. E helu mua i nā hola-watt i pau i ka lā (me nā poho inverter):

Inā he 90% ka hoʻololi ʻana o ka mea hoʻohuli, inā he 100W ka mana hoʻopuka, ʻo 100W / 90% = 111W ka mana hoʻopuka maoli;inā hoʻohana ʻia no 5 mau hola o ka lā, ʻo ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka mana he 111W * 5 hola = 555Wh.

2. E helu i ka panela solar:

E like me ka manawa o ka lā i kēlā me kēia lā o 6 mau hola, a me ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i ka pono o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana a me ka nalowale i ka wā o ke kaʻina hana, ʻo ka mana hoʻopuka o ka panel solar he 555Wh/6h/70%=130W.Ma waena o lākou, ʻo 70% ka mana maoli i hoʻohana ʻia e ka panel solar i ka wā o ke kaʻina hana.


Ka manawa hoʻouna: Nov-09-2022